Macro photography is all about the ability to get in very close to your subject so it can fill the frame completely. There are specialist macro lenses which have fixed focal lengths, but you don’t have to have a special lens to shoot close ups. In part 1 we’re out doors in the garden – but there’s loads you can do inside as well which we’ll explore in part 2.
Many telephoto zoom lenses have a macro range or macro setting which enables closer focussing on a subject. Whilst not true macro lenses they do a spiffing job none the less. Because macro photography means you get in close your depth of field will shrink dramatically which looks fantasic – but it can cause problems.
When your DOF gets that small even tiny movements like breathing can knock the area you want sharp out and it looks fuzzy. I recommend a tripod at all times because of this.
Light is very important for macro photography. You’ll often be photographing small softer items and harsh light can be too much for them. A reflector can help – but it’s best to think about what you’re photographing and ask if the light is appropriate.